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What are the signs and symptoms of Periodontal disease

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It is defined as a disorder in which there is a loss of the gums which covers the teeth and leads to exposure of roots. It is common in the individuals who are above the age of 40 and it can also occur in the young age group.

What are the signs and symptoms of Periodontal disease?

It includes the sensitivity to cold followed by hot. Esthetically, the teeth do not look nice. It is along and chronic process that happens from one day to years. So, it is common in the individuals who are above the age of 40. One is not able to see the changes on day to day basis but it is seen after a year long time. The person gets conscious if somebody else recognizes it. He may also notice when it leads to the mobility of teeth.

The teeth may also become sensitive to sweet and spicy food. There is a loss of cementum which exposes the dentin to stimuli which is external. The roots are visible as well as exposed and the tooth is notched near the gums. There is a change in the color of tooth. The cavities are formed below the gums and space which is formed between the teeth increases in the size. The gingival is swollen and red in color. There is a bleeding in the gums when we brush the teeth. There is a bad breath too. When the treatment of gingivitis is started it tells us about the receding gum problem which is uncovered due to the swelling of gums.

How Periodontal disease can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of visual examination and a patient history.

How Periodontal disease can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. One must identify the cause for it and must act against it. The reason of recession must be known and it must be treated accordingly. If the person brushes a lot he must go for soft brushes. The brushing technique must be gentle. One can also for scaling and root planning if calculus formation is one of the reasons. If there is a formation of plaque one must maintain a proper oral hygiene. It heals the inflammation of gingiva. The reason could be improper occlusion along with an adjustment in occlusion can be done. One can also go for bite splint if required. In newer techniques stem cells are also used to regenerate the gum tissues.

This condition can also be treated with the help of gingival grafting which is also known as periodontal plastic surgery. It helps to re grow the gum tissue. It is done by a specialist in the field of period ontology. A patient is given a local anesthesia and is given sedation in some cases. The gum tissue is placed on the area where there is no cover of gums. One can also use the free grafts. They can be from the gingival or connective tissue. One can also use the tissue from palate.

Healing takes few days to occur and after few months the results can be seen and the new tissues must be shaped so that the results are fine. The loss of gingival can occur alone or in combination with the bone loss and if it is alone it can lead to complete cure of the disorder.

How Periodontal disease can be prevented?

It includes the avoidance of any irritating factor. One must avoid alcohol, tobacco and cigarette smoking. It includes the use of proper brushing technique which must be gentle. One can also for scaling and root planning if calculus formation is one of the reasons. If there is a formation of plaque one must maintain a proper oral hygiene. It heals the inflammation of gingiva. The reason could be improper occlusion so an adjustment in occlusion can be done.

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