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What are the signs and symptoms, causes, treatment of Actino Mycosis

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What are the signs and symptoms of actino mycosis?

It includes the formation of painful abscesses mainly in the lungs, mouth and gastro intestinal tract. They grow larger in the size as the disease progresses and take a long time for this process to occur. In the severe cases they may go inside the bone and include the muscle and skin where they have the ability to break and leak a lot of pus. The purulent leakage through the sinus cavities has a large amount of sulfur granules which do not contain sulphur but resemble them. They have a progeny bacterium.

What are the causes of actino mycosis?

It includes the anaerobic group of bacteria referred as the genus actinomyces. In the case of animals they mainly reside in between the teeth and gums leading to the infection as they have the ability to divide in an anaerobic environment. The infected patient may have gone through a dental work recently or have a poor oral hygiene, perio dontal disease or a radiation therapy which may lead to the damage to local tissue involving the oral mucosa. All these conditions pre dispose to this disorder. They also have the ability to act as commensal mainly in the caecum. So, abdominal action mycosis can occur after the removal of appendix. The common sites of infection in this disorder are the teeth, lungs and intestines. It always occurs in combination with other bacteria. The infection depends on other bacteria and helps in the entrance to other tissue. They can be gram positive, gram negative or cocci.

What is the treatment of actino mycosis?

It includes the use of penicillin mainly. The bacteria which lead to this disorder are sensitive to the penicillin. If a patient is allergic to penicillin he may go for doxy cycline. There are alternative regimens which include the sulfonamides like sulfa methoxazole in a dose of 2 to 4 grams. The response to therapy is slow and takes few months.

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