Smoking a Very Big Addiction in These Days, However there are other reasons that we are related to cigarettes, besides the physical addiction to nicotine. When people try to quit they must overcome a psychological habit. Social learning theory describes how we learn from others through examples. We are influenced by our parents and other people such as actors, celebrities, singers. There is an immediate effect on the brain when we smoke the first cigarette, so we continue to smoke in order to find that feeling. Later we become conditioned so that activities associated with smoking triggers our need for a cigarette. These psychological associations remain when smokers try to quit. Finally we start to smoke more and more because if we stop the withdrawal symptoms appear – irritability, lack of concentration.
Addictive people are more likely to become smokers. For example, heavy smokers are more likely to become alcoholics.
The reasons for starting smoking are mostly psychological. People are seduced to try tobacco after seeing the “glamour” effect that give the movies with smoking. Nicotine addiction makes this habit difficult to quit once started, but the addiction can be overcome and controlled at two weeks after the psychological reasons of smoking were removed. We have to understand and to eliminate the psychological basis of the problem. The many reasons why people start smoking are related to how they perceive themselves in the company of others. Generally, starting smoking is an attempt to change personal image and to look more attractive, manful or feminine and even smarter. Smoking is sometimes the reason to calm the nerves, to cope with stress or lose weight.
trying to show that they are not shy or afraid.
to integrate into the social group they attend.
to look sophisticated and fashionable.
to be mature.
in order to gain independence.
as a sign of protest or be against the authorities.
trying free samples from friends or enemies.
influenced by important people in their lives, out of admiration: parents, relatives, idols.
to lose weight.
to calm the nerves.
as a way to spend time.
Once the smoker is an adult, he/she realized that smoking does not make him/her smarter, more popular or sexy, but continues to smoke. Most people continue to smoke as a habit or in some cases as a kind of ritual. Activities associated with smoking set Pavlov reflexes. They are named after Dr Ivan Pavlov, who managed to make a dog to salivate in the absence of food, just by ringing a bell which was associated with the moment when the dog should have eaten. In the same way the activities that are associated with smoking, such as drinking coffee, will act as triggers. Just seeing a cup of coffee, the smoker will want a cigarette, without a conscious thought. Seeing friends smoking, films in which actors smoke, the smell of cigarette triggers psychological desire to smoke.
The researchers have found that smokers with damage on the island – an area of the brain linked to emotion and feelings – quit smoking easily. Studies show that nicotine addiction takes control on neural circuits in the brain.
Nicotine replacement therapy: five medicines are approved for treatment. They release nicotine without the risk of smoking.
The trans-dermal nicotine patch – it releases doses of nicotine reducing the unpleasant effects of withdrawal. Low doses issued reduce the addiction and smoking.
Nicotine gum – is used in nicotine replacement therapy. Nicotine is released into the blood through tissues of the mouth. The dose of nicotine is 2 or 4 mg, similar to 1-2 cigarettes. The gum should not be used in less than 15 minutes after eating or drinking beverages. The gum is chewed until it is soft and produces a sensation of pepper then maintained between gums and cheeks. When bite feeling disappeared the gum is chewed again until reappears and pasted to another location. These steps are repeated until the gum has no nicotine left. Do not use more than 12 weeks. Pregnant women should not smoke or use this gum.
Used for long periods of time, it may be associated with increased risk of oral cancer for people with a certain genetic mutation. Two unpleasant symptoms that affect some consumers are hiccups and a tightness in the neck muscles or accidental ingestion of large quantities of saliva and nicotine causing gastric irritation. It can cause gum disease. Nicotine tables contain a dose of nicotine that solute slowly in the mouth. Nicotine is absorbed through the lining of the mouth and enters into the blood vessels.
Nicotine inhaler is a device used to deliver medication into the body through the lungs.
Substitutes for cigarettes: Electronic cigarettes as a real cigarette, in order to satisfy the smoker’s tactile habit, this device contains a rechargeable battery and a heating element that vaporizes liquid nicotine.
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